town is located on a hill rising up between the valleys. In a strategic
position, it was once the centre of many important historical events in ancient
times. Its heyday came in the Middle Ages.
fortress, walls and towers all derive specifically from the defence purposes it
served. Today, they retain great special charm from times long past.
The surrounding countryside is rich in picturesque woods and vineyards from which the production of the most famous wine in the world – Brunello di Montalcino, being to wine what Ferrari is to fans of motorsport – and other wines such as Rosso di Montalcino. There are many monuments of artistic interest, with the most noteworthy amongst them being the Palazzo Comunale that recalls Siena’s Palazzo Pubblico (Town Hall) in terms of style, which once housed the seat of the Republic of Siena upon being occupied by the Imperiali; the Abbey of Sant’Antimo; the MuseiRiuniti comprising the Diocesan Museum containing a collection of paintings and polychrome wooden statues from the 16th century; the Civic Museum that houses Robbia ceramics and various frescoes from the Sienese School of painting. It also includes a prehistoric and Etruscan archaeological museum; the Rocca – a pentagonal fortress with ramparts and towers atop, built by the Sienese in 1300s.
Discovering Montalcino and its surroundings means visiting the most beautiful places in Tuscany, including: